Month: September 2018

Receiving GMDSS messages (Part 2)

Part 1 discusses getting started, Part 2 looks at the messages received.

Many of the messages are simply “TEST” messages, this is because it is mandated the systems must be tested at regular intervals. The positive side is the number of messages being exchanged is quite high, and so it doesn’t take long to record traffic.

In this example, you can see a number of test messages being sent too and from both ships and land stations.

Taking the top message as an example, you can see this has come from the ship KAVAFIS with its unique MMSI number 256821000. The database provided by John GM4SLV allows you to click on the name of the ship “KAVAFIS” and this allows you to see further information.

You can also review the location of the ship, usually derived from Automatic Identification System AIS data.

The main purpose of the system is to assist with the safety of life, and so you will receive emergency signals sent from or relayed by ships.

Using the database provided by John you can query all the urgent / distress calls received in the last 24 hrs using this query.

If you haven’t already seen it Part 1 deals with getting started.

Monitoring (GMDSS) Global Maritime Distress and Safety System

GMDSS send messages on the HF and VHF bands using Digital Selective Calling (DSC). The system utilises a number of HF and VHF frequencies to provide global coverage.

Ships at sea are required to monitor 2187.5 and 8414.5 but often monitor all of the above. The usage will depend on the intended propagation.

The transmission is FSK 170Hz shift and 100 baud.

A good resource for digital modes/decoders can be found at the NDB data modes website.

Online you will find a number of paid and free decoders, YaDD (Yet another DSC Decoder) is a great free decoder available for download. I would suggest also reading the manual for the software available on the download page.

The subject of DCS has its own groups.io

So once you have downloaded the software you going to want to decode some messages, this can be completed by feeding the audio into the DSC decoder. The YaND software is written by Dirk Claessens, and it works really well.

I used a Virtual Audio Cable, software that allows me to connect my Kiwi SDR to the software. You can search for a number of free or paid versions, I used this free version from VB Audio.

Load the program and select the “Audio Input TAB” Then select the audio input that YaDD needs to listen too. If you have an SDR this may be the virtual audio cable, otherwise, it may be a USB sound card. The routing of audio works in the same way as any other digital mode be it RTTY, FT8 or PSK.

Select a CW filter 200Hz or more should be fine and select the frequency you have tuned the radio into from the RX Freq pull-down menu. It’s also worth ticking “Auto tuning” and then wait.

If you click on the “log” tab you will see details of the messages you have received.

Remember the frequency you select will depend on the band conditions, so hunt around and try some alternative frequencies.

You can also elect to upload the data you decode to a central database in the “remote log” TAB. You just need to tick the “Enable remote logging” box and define an RX ID I used my callsign but you don’t need to be licensed to receive this data so choose something unique to you.

You can also visit the database maintained by John GM4SLV, here you can search and review your and others data.

If you want a more technical overview of the structure of the messages, then John has completed an excellent article on his website.

Reception reports and more in Part 2

Broadcast Overload on Kiwi SDR

The Kiwi SDR and Wellbrook loop provide a very good single antenna solution for 0 to 30 MHz shortwave reception. The Kiwi is capable of displaying the complete band of 30 MHz, but the disadvantage is the very high power from some of the LW and MW stations can cause the receiver to overload in the evenings.

One approach would be to build a notch filter to attenuate just the one or two strongest signals, in my case this would have been 909 kHz Radio Five Live from Brookmans Park, and 1332 kHz Christian Radio. The problem I had was in the evening this would often change, and at times some of the continental AM stations would become an issue.

The alternative would be a bandstop filter, that would just attenuate the MW band. We also have two amateur allocations at 472 kHz and 1.9 MHz that I would like to receive, with the medium wave band in the middle. The solution would seem to be a bandstop produced by Nooelec. The units retail for around 11 dollars in the USA, you can get them from Amazon or eBay for around 16 GBP with free delivery.

They say on their website “We designed Distill:AM to provide sufficient attenuation for broadcast AM frequencies (>40dB typical) while ensuring adjacent bands, such as 160m, are minimally affected. The -3dB rolloff of the filter is 350kHz and 1900kHz. Minimal out-of-band insertion loss means the filter can stay in place for most any application, though we do recommend removing Distill:AM from your setup when not listening to HF frequencies. As a true bandstop filter, you are able to pass-through DC (bias power) when it is required.”

You can view the data sheet below.

I found 909 kHz reduced from around -20dBm to -50dBm so this helped reduce any signal overload.

You can read more or use the Kiwi receiver here.

The Welbrook look is an active broadband receiving loop antenna.

Nooelec have a range of products online.

SSB NFD with G3PYE

The Camb-Hams operated from a new site this year, due to their usual site being unavailable. The location had good unobstructed views, the local area is very flat but it did have such a good elevated VHF take off.

The event falls at the end of the year and providing a chance to catch and discuss the year’s events.

This year the team had 3 van based masts, their own Transit based Flossie with its 22m mast, as well as the recently purchased Mercedes Sprinter ex OFCOM van owned by Colin that comes with a 25m mast.

Geoff G0DDX also had his 12m vehicle mounted SCAM mast.

VHF was operated from Flossie, while HF was from Colin van with the 3e Triband beam at 25m.

 

The SSB FD rules have recently changed, the maximum power is limited to 100w. This can make it hard going as I would guess some of the EU stations are running a little more power. The contest also runs alongside the worked all Asia contest, adding another dimension to the band.

We also enjoyed a BBQ by torchlight, a field day favourite.

The drone provided some aerial video and pictures from the event.

 


Thanks for an enjoyable weekend.

© 2015 Dave, M0TAZ