Year: 2018

Mysterious HF Number Stations

Much has been written about number stations over the years, although little is known for fact.

We do know they often broadcast on a schedule, so with a little planning, it is quite easy to receive them for yourself. Online SDR receivers take this to a new level, and now with TDoA, we are able to learn something about the geolocation of the transmitters.

It’s probably no surprise to learn many are now being geolocated to the area of Russia and Poland.

I remember the first time I ever stumbled upon a mysterious signal reading out numbers, this was BG (Before Google) so it was hard to identify or read about the history of these stations.

Needless to say, I started to log the station’s frequency and content, and would often find the same stations time and time again.

BBC Radio 4 program first aired in 2005. provide excellent service, collating lots of information in one place. They also link to various SDR around the world, providing you with a unique insight into this mysterious world.

The strange thing is they are still around today, despite us having the internet and 101 ways to encrypt and send messages these days. The attraction of HF is it leaves no digital footprint, and messages can be broadcast to 1 or many recipients over 1,000 of miles.

The Conet Project spent many years recording these strange stations and later selling these as audio recordings on CD’s

You can listen to many of these stations on my SDR, I have been added them to the frequency dial to help identification. Over the coming months, I want to collect some recordings and add them to this page.

The BBC has published a few articles on the subject one is “The Ghostly Radio Station that no one claims to run” and you can listen to the UVB Buzzer below.

Why not check out the geolocated maps, and view the site in Google street view.

UVB-76 Buzzer (Geolocated) or maybe (Geolocated)

6802 kHz (CW)

7600 kHz (Voice)

9147 kHz (AM)

10343 kHz (CW)

11581 kHz (USB)

Using the KIWI for TDoA (Time Difference of Arrival)

Pirate radio stations around 6MHz have been using that part of the spectrum for many years. They often populate that part of the band, and in the main don’t seem to cause the primary users any issues. The primary users sometimes put a STANAG signal on top of the pirate music station, I doubt they even notice the radio station.

The KIWI now has a Time Difference of Arrival function, you can use this to help identify the likely location of an HF transmission.

This evening 6316.5 KHz was active with a music station, and I guessed this may be located in the UK. I selected 3 KIWI receivers located around the SE of England and achieved this fix.

The accuracy can be very good, but much depends on the location of the receivers relative to the transmitter. I repeated this one a few times, and the location did change but always remained in and around Coventry, Solihull area of the West Midlands.

6235 kHz Energy FM (pirate radio relay)

The signal was very strong in the evening, indicating the station was likely to be 100 to 500 KM. The TDoA located it as seen below to Cirencester near Swindon UK.

A further example can be seen in this map, resulted from TDoA Radio Caroline.

Want to try it yourself?

A good place to start is to read this article and my KIWI SDR

(apologies for the SMPS QRM on my SDR its outside of my control and under investigation)

Suffolk Red Field Weekend

Suffolk Red hosted a field weekend from their field day site at the Suffolk Aviation Heritage site near Ipswich. The weather was set fine, with temperatures close to 30C and with the option to camp out for the weekend.

George M1GEO, Chris G8OCV and I set up the operating tent and populated it with the following equipment.

HF – Icom 7610 and 1.3K Linear from expert

VHF – Icom 7100 and 300w VHF amplifier from Linear amp UK

RACAL push up mast

Power – Honda 2KW generator

The object was to try something new, so I opted for 9e LFA on the Racal push up mast and tried to work as many EU stations as I could on both phone and FT8. VHF seemed quite lively, and with good take off into Europe I was soon working into France, Germany, Denmark and Belgium.

LMR 400 coax was used to keep the losses down, and the masthead amp compensated for any RX losses.

Masthead amplifier for 144 MHz was originally published in the RSGB magazine RADCOM plus issue 1 designed by Ian White GM3SEK. The details are published on his website, detailed as the DG8 low cost, high-performance preamp for 144 MHz.

Over the course of the weekend I completed 50 QSO in 25 squares, the map is shown below. If you are new, or even not so new to FT8 you may find this operating guide helpful.

Some 144 MHz FT8 highlights include.
DL3GAK at 662KM
F4CYH at 673 KM
OZ1BEF at 693 KM
OZ1BP at 698 KM

Solar Powered WSPR Transmitter

A while ago I completed the QRP labs WSPR transmitter, you can read about that project in this article. I wondered how easy it would be to set this up in the garden, solar and battery powered.

The QRP labs unit transmits around 200mW, and the idea was to have this running 24×7 transmitting around 80% of the time and band hopping. I have the multi-band option, with BP filters for 3.5, 5, 7, 14 and 21 MHz.

Searching eBay I found a low costs solar charge controller and solar panel. I also needed a voltage regulator to drop the 12v to 5v for the QRP labs unit.

The items I selected are not “high quality” it was more proof of concept. The charge controller is in fact so high quality even China didn’t put their name on it.

The charge controller is marked as follows.

10A Advance Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Charge controller:

  • Automatic 12v/24v recognition (need 2 panels to run 24v systems)
  • Fully 4 stage PWM charge management
  • Day/night recognition
  • Dual mosfet reverse current protection
  • Protection from over-charging, deep-discharging and reverse connection from both solar panel and battery
  • Protection from short circuit and over current
  • LED indicator to show charging/fault/battery status/load status etc
  • LED digital display to show the load work mode and status
  • Self-consumption: 10mA or less
  • Working temperature: -35C to 60C
  • Working Humidity : 10% to 90% RH
  • Size: 14 x 7.5 x 3cm
  • Weight: 180 g
  • Terminals for wire up to 6mm2

The solar panel is marked 10w

The QRP labs kit was connected to the GPS module, battery and a random bit of wire and placed in a plastic bag. I left it running 24×7 for 8 days and then checked the battery voltage.

The voltage showed 12.7 volts, I consider that to be a success.

70 MHz Cumulatives

Using the club call M0SNB June saw another chance to operate 70 MHz outdoors in the RSGB contest, with perfect weather at 24c. The contest site at the Secret Nuclear Bunker was used, at some 110m ASL it has good take off in most directions.

Using the homebrew 6e 70 Mhz beam, and the solid-state amplifier to deliver 160w worked a treat, with our best DX EI2FG @ 568 KM.

The antenna uses the latest in “push fit” technology. You can read more about the antenna in this article.

Over the course of the 2Hrs operating, I worked GW, GM, GI, GC and GD.

Here is the QSO map for the afternoon.

Resonant antenna tests on WSPR 472 KHz

At the SNBCG operating site we have the opportunity to out up some large antenna, and for some time we had wanted to try 472 KHz using George M1GEO WSPR transmitter.

The plan was using the onsite 50m cellphone mast* to pull up some wire, and with some work hopefully, enough wire to have a 1/4 wave on 472 kHz. We calculated it would require around 150m of wire, and we had a pully on the mast at 42m, so we could pull up the first 50m as a vertical, and then have the next 100m sloping down from the last forming an “L” shape as best as we could into the next field.

The transmitter would be grounded to the mast earthing point, and we would run the 10w transmitter at the base of the mast overnight.

*for the avoidance of doubt we have permission to use the mast from the site owner.

The antenna slops down from 42m towards the ground.With a little bit of tinkering, we had a resonant antenna on 472 KHz

We left the transmitter running overnight from JO01DQ with the call GB0SNB, and was delighted to see a number of reports all around Europe.

Here you can see the tower and yellow wire making its was up from the base, and then into an adjacent field.


Timestamp Call SNR Pwr Reporter RGrid km az
 2018-05-06 01:12  GB0SNB -28 0.01  SM2DJK  KP03au 1774 33
 2018-05-06 01:12  GB0SNB -18 0.01  SM3LNM  JP82qg 1558 34
 2018-05-06 00:50  GB0SNB -28 0.01  EA1FAQ  IN71pn 1188 201
 2018-05-05 23:22  GB0SNB -22 0.01  LA8AV  JO59cs 1090 31
 2018-05-05 22:14  GB0SNB -26 0.01  EA2HB  IN93ah 946 191
 2018-05-05 23:34  GB0SNB -24 0.01  LA3EQ  JO28xj 828 24
 2018-05-06 00:10  GB0SNB -15 0.01  GM4OAS  IO76cx 708 329
 2018-05-05 22:08  GB0SNB -23 0.01  DL1KAI  JO42vj 654 79
 2018-05-06 02:56  GB0SNB -28 0.01  EI2KK  IO65ca 651 308
 2018-05-06 00:22  GB0SNB -28 0.01  DF5FH  JO42um 649 78
 2018-05-06 01:16  GB0SNB -21 0.01  DK7FC  JN49ik 645 110
 2018-05-05 23:22  GB0SNB -28 0.01  DL1GCD/1  JN48ar 642 118
 2018-05-05 22:08  GB0SNB -27 0.01  DK6UG  JN49cm 608 110
 2018-05-06 00:16  GB0SNB -25 0.01  DL0HT  JO43jb 597 72
 2018-05-05 23:34  GB0SNB -20 0.01  F6GEX  IN97na 526 190
 2018-05-05 21:38  GB0SNB -28 0.01  DF1VB/15  JO33pl 513 64
 2018-05-06 11:58  GB0SNB -25 0.01  DL/PA0EHG  JO32sq 506 74
 2018-05-05 23:34  GB0SNB -17 0.01  F59706  JN07th 496 168
 2018-05-06 00:10  GB0SNB -24 0.01  DL6II  JO30nx 481 97
 2018-05-05 23:22  GB0SNB -27 0.01  LX1DQ  JN39cq 472 116
 2018-05-05 23:22  GB0SNB -29 0.01  DC0DX/RF  JO31lk 462 91
 2018-05-05 22:14  GB0SNB -28 0.01  DC0DX/MW2  JO31lk 462 91
 2018-05-06 01:24  GB0SNB -24 0.01  DL2ZZ  JO31lo 460 89
 2018-05-06 04:38  GB0SNB -25 0.01  PI4THT  JO32kf 455 80
 2018-05-05 22:00  GB0SNB -29 0.01  PA0SLT/A  JO22xx 411 67
 2018-05-05 21:38  GB0SNB -22 0.01  G0LUJ  IO83ls 322 317
 2018-05-05 23:22  GB0SNB -23 0.01  G3WCB  IO80ei 311 243
 2018-05-05 21:56  GB0SNB -10 0.01  PA3ABK  JO21it 304 86
 2018-05-06 01:40  GB0SNB -28 0.01  PH2M  JO22hc 301 79
 2018-05-06 01:04  GB0SNB -15 0.01  PA0EHG  JO22hb 300 80
 2018-05-05 23:22  GB0SNB -13 0.01  G3KEV  IO94sh 296 351
 2018-05-06 11:58  GB0SNB -17 0.01  PI9ESA  JO22ff 292 76
 2018-05-05 21:38  GB0SNB -12 0.01  PA0RDT  JO11tm 231 93
 2018-05-06 11:52  GB0SNB -12 0.01  G6KSN  IO82xj 178 297
 2018-05-05 23:34  GB0SNB -13 0.01  G4ZFQ  IO90ir 153 227
 2018-05-06 01:16  GB0SNB -18 0.01  M0XDK  IO92ne 97 305
 2018-05-06 13:32  GB0SNB 11 0.01  G4GIR  IO92sd 72 315
 2018-05-06 00:10  GB0SNB -4 0.01  G4FKI  IO92sa 63 306
 2018-05-06 14:22  GB0SNB 1 0.01  G8EMO  IO92uc 61 319
 2018-05-06 04:16  GB0SNB -26 0.01  G3YMN  IO91tj 56 235
 2018-05-05 20:56  GB0SNB 4 0.01  G6AVK  JO01ho 25 112
 2018-05-05 22:14  GB0SNB 1 0.01  M0TAZ  JO01cn 15 203

© 2015 Dave, M0TAZ